CARLO e SUSANNA AMODEO
The history of Sciacca is one of the oldest in Sicily, which is full of events that have left a memorable mark over the centuries. There have been numerous settlements by the people of the Mediterranean who crossed this land. The first were the Greeks and the Carthaginians (409 BC) who called it Terma due it its spa waters. Later, the Arabs called it Xacca, which in Latin became Sacca, which was then transformed into today, Sciacca. Located on the famous Sicilian archaeological route between Selinunte and Agrigento, it is one of the island, oldest cities. The people from Selinunte made it their thermal spa in the Middle Ages, and it soon became a flourishing industrial and trade centre. Its spa waters and the steam caves on Mount Kronio have played a significant role since ancient times. Sciacca combines a charming surrounding landscape, rugged beauty of the jagged coast, sandy beach and brilliant sea with a mild, healthy climate making it the ideal place for treatments, holidays and tourism. The city and its some 50,000 inhabitants could be defined as a terrace overlooking the marvellous Mediterranean Sea. Its sea teems with fish, especially mackerel, sardines and anchovies. The great abundance of this type of fish has allowed many small companies to proliferate over the centuries in the city‚Äö√Ñ√¥s harbour area. Olives have also been cultivated in Sciacca since ancient times. In addition to being used in food, in ancient times olive oil was used to make soap and to generate light in homes before the invention of electricity. Today olive growing is a developing industry both in terms of quantity and quality. Several new specialized installations tend towards varieties such as Cerasuola, Biancolilla and Nocellarta, which producers have skilfully and patiently selected over the years.